How to Egg Fried Rice

Egg-fried rice is a quick and delicious dish you can easily prepare at home. It’s a versatile recipe that allows you to use leftover rice and customize the ingredients. This guide will walk you through the simple steps to make flavorful and satisfying egg-fried rice.


  • Cooked rice (preferably cold, a day old)
  • Eggs
  • Vegetable oil
  • Soy sauce
  • Vegetables (e.g., peas, carrots, bell peppers, or scallions, as desired)
  • Protein (e.g., cooked chicken, shrimp, or tofu, optional)
  • Garlic (minced, optional)
  • Salt and pepper to taste


  • Wok or a large skillet
  • Spatula
  • Bowl (for beating eggs)
  • Cutting board and knife (for chopping vegetables)

Preparing the Ingredients

  1. Cold Cooked Rice: Use leftover rice or cook rice in advance and allow it to cool in the refrigerator. Cold rice works best for egg-fried rice because it’s less sticky and clumps together less during cooking.
  2. Chop the Vegetables: If you’re using vegetables, chop them into small, uniform pieces. Common choices include peas, carrots, bell peppers, and scallions. You can use a single type of vegetable or a combination of your favorites.
  3. Protein (Optional): If you add protein, ensure it’s cooked and cut into bite-sized pieces. Common protein options include cooked chicken, shrimp, or tofu.
  4. Beat the Eggs: Crack the eggs into a bowl and beat them lightly. You can add a pinch of salt and pepper to season the eggs.

Cooking Egg Fried Rice

  1. Heat the Wok: Place your wok or large skillet on the stovetop over medium-high heat. Add a couple of tablespoons of vegetable oil and let it heat up.
  2. Cook the Eggs: Once the oil is hot, pour the beaten eggs into the wok. Allow them to cook for a moment without stirring until they start to set.
  3. Scramble the Eggs: Using your spatula, gently scramble the eggs in the wok. Continue cooking until they are just cooked through but still tender. Remove them from the wok and set them aside.
  4. Stir-Fry the Vegetables: Add more oil, if needed, in the same wok. Add the chopped vegetables and stir-fry them until they become tender. Add garlic at this stage and stir-fry briefly if you’re using garlic.
  5. Add Protein (If Using): If you’re including protein, add it to the wok with the vegetables and cook until it’s heated.
  6. Add the Cold Rice: Add the cold, cooked rice to the wok. Break up any clumps and stir-fry it with the vegetables and protein. Ensure the rice is well mixed with the other ingredients.
  7. Drizzle with Soy Sauce: Drizzle soy sauce over the rice and stir to coat the mixture evenly. Start with a couple of tablespoons of soy sauce and adjust to your taste. Soy sauce adds flavor and color to the dish.
  8. Return the Eggs: Return the scrambled eggs to the wok and stir them into the rice and vegetable mixture.
  9. Season to Taste: Taste the fried rice and season it with salt and pepper as needed. Remember that soy sauce is salty, so be cautious with additional salt.

Serving Egg Fried Rice

  1. Plate and Garnish: Once the egg-fried rice is heated and the ingredients are well combined, transfer it to serving plates. You can garnish with additional sliced scallions, a drizzle of sesame oil, or a sprinkle of toasted sesame seeds if desired.
  2. Enjoy: Serve your homemade egg fried rice as a standalone dish or as a side to accompany other Asian-inspired meals. It’s a versatile and satisfying option for lunch or dinner.

Tips and Variations

  • Customize Ingredients: Feel free to customize the ingredients to your taste. You can add different vegetables, proteins, or seasonings to create various flavors of egg-fried rice.
  • Soy Sauce Variations: Experiment with different types of soy sauce, such as light soy sauce, dark soy sauce, or low-sodium soy sauce, to adjust the flavor and color of your fried rice.
  • Use Leftovers: Egg fried rice is an excellent way to use leftover rice and ingredients from previous meals.
  • Cold Rice: Cold rice works best for this dish because it separates easily and doesn’t turn mushy during stir-frying.
  • High Heat: Cooking over relatively high heat is essential to achieve the characteristic “wok hei,” or smoky flavor associated with great fried rice.


Egg-fried rice is a simple and satisfying dish you can easily prepare at home. It’s a versatile recipe that allows you to use various ingredients and adapt the flavors to your preferences. You can enjoy the delicious and comforting taste of homemade egg fried rice with a wok or large skillet, some basic ingredients, and a little creativity.

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