How to Cook White Rice on Stove

Cooking white rice on the stove is a fundamental skill that every home cook should master. Whether you’re preparing a simple side dish or the base for more complex recipes, knowing how to cook white rice on the stove is a valuable culinary technique. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll walk you through the steps to achieve perfectly cooked white rice every time, whether you’re using long-grain, medium-grain, or short-grain rice.


  • White rice (long-grain, medium-grain, or short-grain)
  • Water
  • Salt (optional)


  • Medium-sized saucepan with a tight-fitting lid
  • Fine-mesh strainer (for rinsing the rice)
  • Fork or rice paddle (for fluffing the cooked rice)


Measure the Rice

  • Determine the quantity of white rice you want to cook. A typical serving size is about 1/2 to 3/4 cups of uncooked rice per person, but you can adjust this based on your needs.

Rinse the Rice

  • Place the measured rice in a fine-mesh strainer or sieve.
  • Rinse the rice under cold, running water while gently agitating it with your fingers. Continue rinsing until the water runs clear. This step removes excess surface starch, which can cause the rice to become sticky.

Determine the Water-to-Rice Ratio

  • The water-to-rice ratio is crucial for achieving the right texture. The ratio may vary depending on the type of white rice you’re using:
    • For long-grain white rice, Use a ratio of 1 cup of rice to 1.5 to 2 cups of water.
    • For medium-grain white rice, Use a ratio of 1 cup of rice to 1.25 to 1.5 cups of water.
    • For short-grain white rice, Use a ratio of 1 cup of rice to 1 to 1.25 cups of water.
  • Adjust the ratio based on your preferred texture; less water will result in firmer rice, while more water will yield softer, stickier rice.

Season the Water (Optional)

  • Adding salt is optional but can enhance the flavor of the rice. A general guideline is to use about 1/2 to 1 teaspoon of salt per cup of rice.

Boil the Water

  • In the saucepan, bring the appropriate amount of water (and salt, if used) to a boil over high heat.

Add the Rice

  • Once the water is boiling, add the rinsed and drained white rice to the pot. Stir briefly to ensure even distribution.

Simmer and Cover

  • Reduce the heat to low to maintain a gentle simmer.
  • Cover the saucepan with a tight-fitting lid to trap steam and maintain a consistent temperature.

Cooking Time

  • The cooking time will vary depending on the type of white rice:
    • For long-grain white rice: Simmer for 15-18 minutes.
    • For medium-grain white rice: Simmer for 13-15 minutes.
    • For short-grain white rice: Simmer for 10-12 minutes.

Do Not Peek

  • During the cooking process, avoid lifting the lid to check on the rice. This can release steam and disrupt the cooking.

Check for Doneness

  • After the specified cooking time, remove the saucepan from the heat while keeping the lid on.
  • Allow the rice to rest, undisturbed, for an additional 5-10 minutes. This resting period allows the rice to firm up and evenly absorb any remaining moisture.

Fluff the Rice

  • After the resting period, use a fork or rice paddle to fluff the rice, separating the grains gently. Fluffing the rice helps to release excess steam and further prevents stickiness.

Serve and Enjoy

  • Your perfectly cooked white rice is now ready to serve as a side dish or as part of your favorite meal. Pair it with curries, stir-fries, stews, or other dishes.

Adjustments and Variations

  • Brown Rice: If you’re cooking brown rice, be aware that it generally requires a longer cooking time due to its bran layer. Follow the same stovetop method, but increase the cooking time to approximately 40-45 minutes for long-grain brown rice and 35-40 minutes for medium-grain brown rice.
  • Seasonings and Flavorings: To add depth of flavor to your white rice, consider incorporating seasonings or flavorings during the cooking process. Popular options include a cinnamon stick, bay leaves, or a dash of olive oil.
  • Steam Cooking: For exceptionally fluffy white rice, you can use a method called the “absorption method.” In this approach, you bring the water to a boil, add the rice, reduce the heat to low, and let the rice steam in the covered pot until tender. This method may require less water and can result in slightly shorter cooking times.

Troubleshooting Tips

If you encounter issues with your white rice, here are some troubleshooting tips:

  • Too Firm: If the rice is still too firm after the specified cooking time, add a small amount of hot water (about 1/4 cup) to the pot, cover it, and continue simmering for a few more minutes until the rice reaches your desired tenderness.
  • Too Soft: If the rice becomes overly soft or mushy, reduce the cooking time slightly during your next attempt, and be sure to drain any excess water if necessary.


Cooking white rice on the stove is a practical and versatile skill that can elevate your meals. By following the appropriate water-to-rice ratio and adjusting based on the type of white rice you’re using, you can consistently achieve fluffy, tender grains that complement a wide range of dishes. Experiment with different seasonings and flavorings to customize your rice to your liking. With practice, you’ll master the art of cooking white rice to perfection, making it a staple in your culinary repertoire.

Similar Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *