How to Cook Medium Grain Rice

Medium-grain rice, known for its slightly plump and tender texture, is a versatile ingredient that can enhance a wide variety of dishes, from sushi to creamy rice pudding. Cooking medium-grain rice to perfection requires attention to detail and the right techniques. In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through the steps to achieve perfectly cooked medium-grain rice, whether you’re using it as a side dish, in risotto, or any other culinary creation.


  • Medium-grain rice
  • Water
  • Salt (optional)


  • Medium-sized saucepan with a tight-fitting lid
  • Fine-mesh strainer (for rinsing the rice)
  • Fork or rice paddle (for fluffing the cooked rice)


Measure the Rice

  • Determine the quantity of medium-grain rice you want to cook. A typical serving size is about 1/2 to 3/4 cups of uncooked rice per person, but you can adjust this based on your needs.

Rinse the Rice

  • Place the measured rice in a fine-mesh strainer or sieve.
  • Rinse the rice under cold, running water while gently agitating it with your fingers. Continue rinsing until the water runs clear. This step removes excess surface starch, which can cause the rice to become sticky.

Determine the Water-to-Rice Ratio

  • The water-to-rice ratio is crucial for achieving the right texture. For medium-grain rice, use a ratio of 1 cup of rice to 1.25 to 1.5 cups of water.
  • Adjust the ratio based on your preferred texture; less water will result in firmer rice, while more water will yield softer, stickier rice.

Season the Water (Optional)

  • Adding salt is optional but can enhance the flavor of the rice. A general guideline is to use about 1/2 to 1 teaspoon of salt per cup of rice.

Boil the Water

  • In the saucepan, bring the appropriate amount of water (and salt, if used) to a boil over high heat.

Add the Rice

  • Once the water is boiling, add the rinsed and drained medium-grain rice to the pot. Stir briefly to ensure even distribution.

Simmer and Cover

  • Reduce the heat to low to maintain a gentle simmer.
  • Cover the saucepan with a tight-fitting lid to trap steam and maintain a consistent temperature.

Cooking Time

Do Not Peek

  • During the cooking process, avoid lifting the lid to check on the rice. This can release steam and disrupt the cooking.

Check for Doneness

  • After the specified cooking time, remove the saucepan from the heat while keeping the lid on.
  • Allow the rice to rest, undisturbed, for an additional 5-10 minutes. This resting period allows the rice to firm up and evenly absorb any remaining moisture.

Fluff the Rice

  • After the resting period, use a fork or rice paddle to fluff the rice, separating the grains gently. Fluffing the rice helps to release excess steam and further prevents stickiness.

Serve and Enjoy

  • Your perfectly cooked medium-grain rice is now ready to serve as a side dish, in risotto, or as part of your favorite meal. Pair it with a variety of dishes, from stir-fries to casseroles.

Adjustments and Variations

Brown Rice: If you’re cooking brown medium-grain rice, be aware that it generally requires a longer cooking time due to its bran layer. Follow the same stovetop method, but increase the cooking time to approximately 35-40 minutes for brown medium-grain rice.

  • Seasonings and Flavorings: To add depth of flavor to your medium-grain rice, consider incorporating seasonings or flavorings during the cooking process. Popular options include a cinnamon stick, bay leaves, or a dash of olive oil.
  • Creamy Risotto: Medium-grain rice is often used to make creamy risotto. To make risotto, use the same initial steps for rinsing and seasoning the rice. Instead of simmering, you’ll add hot broth gradually to the rice, stirring constantly until the rice is creamy and tender.

Troubleshooting Tips

If you encounter issues with your medium-grain rice, here are some troubleshooting tips:

  • Too Firm: If the rice is still too firm after the specified cooking time, add a small amount of hot water (about 1/4 cup) to the pot, cover it, and continue simmering for a few more minutes until the rice reaches your desired tenderness.
  • Too Soft: If the rice becomes overly soft or mushy, reduce the cooking time slightly during your next attempt, and be sure to drain any excess water if necessary.


Cooking medium-grain rice is a valuable culinary skill that opens the door to a wide range of delicious dishes. By following the appropriate water-to-rice ratio and adjusting based on your preferred texture, you can consistently achieve tender, slightly plump grains of rice that are perfect for various applications. Experiment with different seasonings and flavorings to customize your medium-grain rice to your liking. With practice, you’ll master the art of cooking medium-grain rice to perfection, making it a versatile addition to your culinary repertoire.

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