How to Cook Korean Rice Cake

Korean rice cakes, known as “tteok,” are a beloved and versatile staple in Korean cuisine. These chewy rice cakes can be enjoyed in a variety of dishes, from tteokbokki (spicy rice cakes) to tteokguk (rice cake soup). Cooking Korean rice cakes is a straightforward process that requires minimal steps and can be done at home. This guide will walk you through the simple steps to cook delicious Korean rice cakes.


  • Korean rice cakes (tteok)
  • Water
  • Optional seasonings and toppings (based on your recipe)


  • Pot or saucepan
  • Stove or heat source
  • Strainer (optional)

Preparing the Rice Cakes

  1. Choose the Right Tteok: There are various types of Korean rice cakes available, including cylindrical tteok, sliced tteok, and tteok in various shapes and sizes. Select the type of tteok that your recipe requires.
  2. Rinse the Rice Cakes (Optional): While it’s not mandatory, rinsing the rice cakes can help remove excess starch and prevent them from sticking together during cooking. Place the tteok in a strainer and rinse them under cold running water.

Cooking Korean Rice Cakes

  1. Add Water to the Pot: Add enough water to submerge the tteok in a pot or saucepan. The exact amount of water will depend on the quantity of rice cakes you cook.
  2. Boil the Water: Place the pot on the stove or heat source and bring the water to a boil.
  3. Add the Rice Cakes: After boiling the Water, carefully add the prepared tteok to the pot. Stir gently to prevent sticking, especially if you haven’t rinsed the rice cakes.
  4. Simmer the Tteok: Reduce the heat to a gentle simmer. Cover the pot with a lid to keep the steam inside. Allow the tteok to simmer for about 5-7 minutes.
  5. Check Doneness: After cooking, use a fork or chopstick to check the tteok’s doneness. They should be soft chewy, and no longer have a hard, starchy center. If the tteok is still firm in the middle, continue to simmer for a few more minutes.

Serving Korean Rice Cakes

  1. Drain and Serve (If Required): Depending on your recipe, you may need to drain the cooked tteok in a strainer. For dishes like tteokbokki, you would typically use the tteok directly from the cooking water. In other recipes, you may need to drain and rinse the tteok.
  2. Add Your Seasonings and Toppings: Korean rice cakes are often enjoyed in various sauces and dishes. Add seasonings, sauces, and toppings like gochujang (red chili paste), soy sauce, vegetables, and proteins, depending on your recipe.
  3. Enjoy: Serve your prepared Korean rice cakes as a standalone snack or part of a larger dish. They are particularly popular in tteokbokki, a spicy stir-fried dish.

Tips and Variations

  • Tteok Types: Be aware that different types of tteok may require slightly varied cooking times and methods. For example, cylindrical tteok may take longer to cook than sliced tteok.
  • Sauce and Seasonings: Depending on your recipe, you can use a wide range of sauces and seasonings to create different flavors. Gochujang, soy sauce, and sugar are commonly used in Korean rice cake dishes.
  • Tteokbokki: One of the most famous Korean rice cake dishes is tteokbokki, where the tteok is simmered in a spicy gochujang-based sauce along with vegetables and other ingredients.
  • Suggestions: Korean rice cakes can be served as appetizers, snacks, or main courses. They are versatile and can be used in a variety of dishes.
  • Storage: If you have leftover cooked tteok, store them in an airtight container in the refrigerator. They can be reheated and enjoyed later.


Cooking Korean rice cakes is a simple process that allows you to create a wide range of delicious and comforting dishes. Whether you’re making tteokbokki or adding tteok to soups and stir-fries, Korean rice cakes’ chewy texture and versatility make them a favorite in Korean cuisine. With these basic steps and some creativity in your seasonings and toppings, you can enjoy the wonderful world of tteok at home.

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