Best Congee Recipe

Congee, also known as rice porridge or jook, is a beloved comfort food in many Asian countries, particularly China. It’s a simple, soothing dish made from rice and water, often served as a breakfast or light meal. The beauty of congee lies in its versatility; you can customize it with various toppings and seasonings to suit your taste. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll walk you through the steps to create the best congee and explore various toppings and flavorings to enhance your culinary experience.


Note: The basic congee recipe serves 4 as a light meal. Adjust quantities as needed.

  • 1 cup of long-grain white rice
  • 8 cups of water or chicken broth (for added flavor)
  • Salt, to taste
  • Toppings and flavorings (see below for options)


  • A large, heavy-bottomed pot with a lid
  • Rice cooker (optional)


Rinse the Rice

  • Place the rice in a fine-mesh strainer or sieve.
  • Rinse the rice under cold running water, gently agitating it with your fingers until it clears. This step removes excess surface starch.

Boil the Water

  • Bring 8 cups of water or chicken broth to a boil over high heat in a large pot.

Add the Rice

  • Once the water is boiling, add the rinsed rice to the pot. Stir to prevent sticking.

Simmer the Congee

  • Reduce the heat to low to maintain a gentle simmer. Cover the pot with a lid, but leave it slightly ajar to allow steam to escape.

Cook the Congee

  • Simmer the congee for 1 to 1.5 hours, stirring occasionally to prevent sticking. The longer you cook it, the smoother and creamier the congee. Some people prefer a thinner consistency and cook it for a shorter time.

Season the Congee

  • About 30 minutes into cooking, season the congee with salt to taste. Start with a small amount and adjust as needed. Remember that you can always add more salt later but can’t remove excess salt.

Customize Your Congee

  • Congee is a blank canvas waiting for your creative touch. Here are some topping and flavoring ideas:
  • Protein: Add cooked chicken, pork, shrimp, or tofu for a heartier meal.
  • Vegetables: Sautéed or blanched vegetables like bok choy, spinach, or mushrooms are excellent additions.
  • Eggs: Soft-boiled or poached eggs add creaminess and protein.
  • Herbs: Chopped cilantro, green onions, and fresh ginger add freshness and flavor.
  • Sauces: Drizzle with soy sauce, sesame oil, or chilli oil for extra depth of flavor.
  • Crispy Toppings: Crispy shallots, fried garlic, or roasted peanuts can provide texture contrast.

Serve Your Congee

  • Ladle the hot congee into individual bowls. Top each bowl with your desired toppings and seasonings.

Tips for Perfect Congee

  1. Rice Variety: Use long-grain white rice for the creamiest congee. Jasmine or basmati rice also works well.
  2. Consistency: Adjust the cooking time to achieve your preferred consistency. Longer cooking times result in smoother congee, while shorter times yield a thinner, gruel-like texture.
  3. Stirring: Stir the congee occasionally to prevent sticking to the bottom of the pot. This also helps distribute the rice evenly.
  4. Chicken Broth: For added flavor, use chicken broth instead of water. You can even combine both for a balance of flavor and simplicity.
  5. Leftovers: Congee reheats well, so don’t hesitate to make a large batch and enjoy it over multiple meals.

Variations of Congee

  1. Savory Porridge: The recipe above is for savory congee, but you can make sweet congee by reducing the salt and adding sugar, coconut milk, and toppings like red bean paste, sesame seeds, or fresh fruit.
  2. Seafood Congee: Replace chicken broth with seafood stock and add shrimp, crab, or fish for a seafood lover’s delight.
  3. Vegetarian/Vegan Congee: Skip animal-based ingredients and use vegetable broth and plant-based proteins like tofu or tempeh.
  4. Congee with Century Egg: Century egg (pidan) is a traditional topping that adds a unique flavor and texture to congee. Slice it thinly and garnish the bowl.


Congee is a comforting and adaptable dish with various toppings and flavorings tailored to your preferences. Whether you enjoy it as a nourishing breakfast or a light meal, this recipe for homemade congee will surely satisfy your cravings for a warm and soothing bowl of rice porridge. Experiment with different ingredients, make it your own and enjoy the comfort and nourishment that congee brings.

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